Natural History of Baja California
Sonoran Desert

The Sonoran Desert is one of North America's four deserts and it covers at least 60% of the Baja California peninsula. Check out these pages for more information about the desert and how its flora and fauna survive in this harsh environment.

Baja plantsRead a brief history of Hurricane Jimena (August 28 to Sep 4, 2009) and its aftermath on the peninsula. You'll find a compilation of photo links by various photographers of the damage caused to Baja California Sur, especially of the Mulegé area. Check out our trip photos to the Mulegé area 3 weeks post-hurricane and flood.

Turtle hatchling
Leatherback Hatchling

Sea turtles have traversed the world's oceans since before the dinosaurs roamed the earth. Five of the world's seven marine turtle species can be found off the coast of the Baja California peninsula. All are endangered. Learn about turtle biology and the people who are trying to save these magnificent living fossils. Watch videos taken at a turtle hatchery.

Gray Whale and calf at Laguna San Ignacio
California Gray Whale
© D. Valov

California Gray whales migrate more than 6,000 years annually from their cold arctic feeding grounds to the warm, shallow lagoons of Baja California Sur where they mate and give birth. Learn more about these majestic animals which are, by virtue of birth, Mexican.

Cave Paintings on wall
© Trudi Angell

Baja's prehistoric peoples left their indelible mark on the boulders, walls and ceilings of remote caves throughout the peninsula. This rock art rivals that of Europe and provides a window into an ancient land and people. Learn about Baja's cave paintings and how to visit the sites.